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2. Ecological Environment Development

      On the basis of preventing environmental pollution and improving urban infrastructure, we will accelerate the construction of a favorable ecological city by afforestation, rational utilization of water resources, and construction of ecological agriculture. By 2008, we will achieve the goal of building the capital into an ecological city that features green hills, clear water, grass-covered ground, and blue sky.

      Building green ecological shelters for the capital ─ by 2007, forest coverage in the whole city will reach 50%, and the three green shelters, one in the mountain areas, one in the plain areas, and the other in urban areas, will be completed. By 2005,  100,000 hectares of mountain areas will be afforested; trees covering  23,000 hectares will be planted mainly along "the 5 waterways and the 10 highways", and green areas within the urban areas will reach 12,500 hectares.

      Pushing forward urban afforestation and beautification - the lands along motorways, streets, alleys and waterways in the urban area will be afforested, with focuses on the 255 major streets. Water surface coverage within the urban area will be increased and more water surface sights built. 50 large green areas made up of arbor trees, each covering more than 10,000 square meters, will be built in the downtown areas. The satellite cities and the 33 major towns will also be afforested. By 2007, the urban green coverage in the whole city will hopefully reach 45%.

      Transforming desert areas and preventing soil erosion - By 2005, we will be able to eliminate sand storms originated in local areas and put under control the five sand storm sources at the so-called "three rivers and two sandbanks", (namely, the Yongding River, the Chaobai River, the Dasha River, Kangzhuang in Yanqing County, and Nankou in Changping). By 2007, the desertifying lands will be under control. We will work closely with relevant national institutions in the construction of an ecological environment for the capital and the prevention and harnessing of desert areas.

      Rational use of water resources - we will do our utmost to preserve the surface and underground clean water resources, and to utilize rainwater and recycled water. 7 gray water treating stations in Qinghe, Wujiacun and Jiuxianqiao, etc will be built, and, by 2008, the recycling rate of treated water from the urban sewage treating stations will reach 50%. The use of gray water in residential areas and institutions will be encouraged. The underground water exploitation plan will be improved, focusing on reducing the amount of underground water for industrial and agricultural purposes, in an effort to gradually elevate the underground water level. More attempts will be made in the retention of rainwater and flood for underground recharge during rainy season, in order to restore and conserve underground water sources. We will raise the citizens' awareness of water saving, establish a more reasonable water pricing system, adopt effective water saving technologies and measures, promote the application of water-saving equipment, and mobilize the whole society to take an active and conscious part in the water saving drive.

      Enhancing ecological protection and construction in key areas - we will protect the ecological functions in some key areas, such as Miyun Reservoir, Huairuo Reservoir and Guanting Reservoir, and prevent their ecosystems from damage and retrogression. Compulsory protection will be given to the key areas related to such resources as water, land, forest, grassland, mineral, aquatic production, biological species and tourism, and areas where underground water is over-extracted and where the ecosystem is delicate will be closed to exploitation, cultivation and lumbering. The protection of the existing wetland ecosystems will be stressed, and man-made wetland will be constructed where appropriate. The construction of natural reserves will be emphasized and more attention will be paid to the protection of biological diversity, natural ecosystems, wild animals and plants and gene resources.

      Promoting the construction of ecological agriculture - we will establish some ecological demonstration zones and ecological agriculture counties. Specifically, high-efficiency ecological agriculture will be developed; crop structure will be readjusted; new farming technologies will be adopted; and the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides will be reduced. Intercropping of narrow crown poplar and agricultural crops will be popularized and networks of forest belts on farmland will be built. A plan for the relocation and pollution prevention in livestock and poultry raising will be formulated. We will also develop organic foodstuffs, and improve the system of the safe production of food agricultural produce.

      Improving urban environment - we will deal with the mess in some parts of the city, which arouses intense public concern and tarnishes the image of the city. To enforce the related laws, all unapproved and temporary buildings will be demolished and stronger control on outdoor advertisements will be imposed. Garbage containing facilities will be constructed and improved for domestic wastes of the whole city; all aerial cables will be laid underground; urban buildings will be refurbished and streets in the city beautified. The environment along the urban and rural connecting areas will also be improved and managed in the same way as those in the urban area.

      Improving ecological awareness of the citizens - we will advocate the idea of green consumption and raise the environmental awareness of the public, who will be encouraged to adopt an environment-friendly life style and to participate in the drive to establish green communities, green stores, green campuses, green enterprises, green institutions, etc. Families and institutions will be encouraged to use recycled products, install energy-efficient and water-saving appliances, separate solid wastes, and abandon equipment that uses ozone-damaging substances, etc. Citizens will be encouraged to use public transportation, and drivers of public and transit vehicles will be required to do regular maintenance to keep the vehicles in good conditions and up to the emission standard.

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