We will work for a considerable improvement in ecological environment of the city. To achieve the goal, focus will be placed on the prevention of air pollution and the protection of drinking water sources through the means of economic restructuring, increased use of cleaner high-quality energies, establishing a more restrictive emission standard, and strengthening ecological protection and construction. By 2008, the indexes of SO2, NO2 and CO in the urban air will meet the WHO standards, and the density of particles will reach the level of major cities in developed countries, fully meeting the standard for hosting the Olympic Games.
Preventing coal-burning pollution - we will optimize urban energy structure by introducing and developing the use of cleaner high-quality energy such as natural gas and electricity. The second long-distance gas pipeline and its supporting facilities will be built from North Shaanxi to Beijing. The structure of electrical power supply will be improved, with the newly added power consumption load to be taken mainly by power sources outside Beijing. The power networks in downtown area will be expanded and those in rural areas upgraded so as to improve the quality and reliability of power supply. The Beijing No. 3 Thermal Power Station and Gaojing Power Station will be transformed into gas burning power stations and 8 gas burning thermal power stations, including the one in Caoqiao, will be built or expanded, all able to supply cooling, heating and electrical powers. New energy resources such as geothermal energy, solar energy, wind energy and biological energy will be exploited, and energy saving will be encouraged. By 2008, the annual supply of natural gas in the city will reach 5 billion cubic meters; the consumption of coal and coke will account for less than 20% of the terminal energy structure; and urban area to be heated by thermal power will cover around 100 million square meters.
Preventing pollution by automobile emission - starting from 2003, a standard parallel to the European Standard II will be enforced regarding the pollutant emission of new vehicles, and before 2008, a standard parallel to the European Standard III will be put into effect. The regulations regarding vehicle scrapping and testing will be tightened. EP Marks will be issued to qualified motor vehicles and joint law enforcement by EP agencies and traffic control departments will be strengthened. The application of cleaner gaseous fuel in buses and taxis will be promoted. By 2007, 90% of buses and 70% of taxis will use clean fuel. The development of new technologies, such as electrical automobiles will be pushed forward.
Preventing particle pollution in urban areas - stricter control on particle pollution will be required on all construction sites to meet the requirement for environmental protection in this respect. Starting from January 2003, in the areas within the Fourth Ring Road in Beijing, any loose cargo must be transported in hermetic containers. The system of " house responsibility for cleaning" and the regulations regarding urban afforestation will be further implemented. By 2005, all open grounds in urban areas will be covered with trees or grass, and the cleaning of all the main motorways in the urban area will be mechanized.
Preventing industrial pollution - we will reduce the emission of all industrial pollutants by exercising control on the total emission volume. All key enterprises will be required to practice clean production and introduce the ISO14001 environment management system. Special attention will be given to pollution control in metallurgical, chemical, electricity and cement industries. In an effort to remove the enterprises located in the urban districts, by 2008, the chemical industrial zone in the southeast suburbs and some 200 polluting enterprises within the Fourth Ring Road will be relocated. The Capital Iron & Steel Plant will reduce its steel production by 2 million tons and its production structure will be readjusted.
Protecting drinking water sources - in coordination with the upstream areas, we will endeavor to achieve the goal as defined in the "Plan for the Sustainable Utilization of Water Resources in the Capital in the Early 21st Century (2001-2005)". More effective measures will be adopted to guarantee the quality of the water in Miyun and Guanting Reservoirs and their upstream and restore the function of Guanting Reservoir as a drinking water source. We will also protect underground drinking water sources through economic restructuring, water saving, agricultural pollution preventing, and urban wastewater treatment system improving, etc.
Preventing water pollution - we will build sewage treatment plants at Lugouqiao, Qinghe, and Xiaohongmen, etc. to establish a complete sewage treating system in the city. By 2008, more than 90% of the sewage in the urban area will be treated. The urban waterways system and the main rivers such as Wenyu River will be reconstructed and harnessed; wastewater inceptors will be built along the main waterways; and the drainage system in the city will be upgraded in the process of the old city renovation.
Tightening solid wastes control - we will quicken the reduction of industrial, commercial and domestic solid wastes, push forward the separate collection, treatment and recycling of urban domestic wastes, speed up the construction of facilities for the treatment and dumping of domestic wastes produced in urban and suburban areas. Such projects as Gao'antun Garbage Burning Plant and Jiaojiapo Garbage Burying Ground will be completed. By 2005, all domestic wastes in the urban area and in the satellite cities will be treated, and a strict system for the control of hazardous wastes will be established to ensure that all the hazardous wastes are safely disposed.
Preventing noise, electromagnetic radiation, and radioactivity pollution - we will impose stricter control on the noise pollution caused by automobiles, construction sites and social activities. In road system planning and designing, full consideration will be given to the prevention of traffic noise that disturbs neighboring residents. Large trucks and agricultural vehicles that enter the city at night will be restricted to certain routes and speed. A stricter reporting, registration and approval system will be exerted for existing electromagnetic radiation and radioactive pollution sources and new sources in this regard. Further methods to prevent light pollution will be developed. By 2008, the noise level in urbanized areas will be reduced to meet the national standard and the electromagnetic radiation and radioactive environment will remain to be up to the national standard.
Promoting the application of environment-friendly technologies and techniques - we will actively introduce, develop and promote the application of such technologies as pollution-free burning, geothermal-operated pumps, solar energy power generating, solar energy heating, fuel cells, and nanometer materials, etc. Environment-friendly materials will be extensively used in the construction of Olympic venues and other related facilities. Our ability in environmental research and monitoring will be improved. Enterprises will be encouraged to adopt new technologies to upgrade their existing equipment and technologies, so as to reduce the unit cost of their products and the emission of pollutants.