In order to secure a smooth execution of different measures, emphasis will be laid on the building of the legal system for environmental protection, formulation and enforcement of relevant rules and regulations, encouraging innovation in the mechanism and policies and implement modern environmental management to realize Green Olympics principle.
(1) Improvement of City Management
The balance among social development, economic construction and environmental protection is of vital importance for the development of a city. Recycle economy will be observed as guiding principle to coordinate the economic activities and social progress in Beijing. Along with readjusting economic structure and raising the resource efficiency, the industries focus on recycle economy will be encouraged. A feed back process model of resources—product—recycle resources will be established as a whole to secure a rational and long-term utilization of materials and energy and establish and phase in a recycling-pervasive society. Waste reduction, reuse, and recycle in resource utilization, municipal service, industrial and agricultural production, commercial operation and daily life will be receive high attention and priority. Cleaner production in industries and ecological restoration in agricultural activities are of special concern for development of an ecosystem friendly economy.
(2) Strengthening of Environmental Supervision
In line with the current situation, the local legal system for environmental protection will be upgraded. Enactment and amendment of the rules and regulations on prevention and control of noise, hazardous wastes, and dust would be the priority. Standards for the automobile exhaust, the discharge of pollutants from boilers, etc., will be updated. Volatile organic compound (VOC) emission limits and other standards will be introduced at appropriate timing. Levies on discharge of SO2 and NOx shall increase. More emphasis will be attached to the enforcement of environmental laws with harsher punishment imposed on violation cases. The enforcement team will be expanded and strengthened to improve the qualification of the team. Joint actions will be launched in major environmental enforcement programs.
Environmental management will be tightened to promote both total amount control and life-cycle control. Total amount control should be conducted on the basis of the environmental carrying capacity. Pollution discharge permitting and registration system will be refined; implementation of deadline control tool in pollution treatment will be high lightened. Risk assessment and post assessment will be required for construction projects in environmentally sensitive areas; regional EIA and strategic EIA will be developed as necessary.
(3) Environmental Awareness Improvement
Full scale and long-term environmental awareness program will be developed and implemented and environmental alarming publicity will be launched. Youth environmental education bases will be increased. Environmental reporting system will be improved with the environment information regularly published and relevant hotline and websites 24-hour opened. Compliant accessibility and response will be improved and be exposed to the supervision by the public. Public participation will be introduced in the relevant management and decision-making processes. Influence shall be imposed to guide the public to bring up an environment-friendly consumption mode.
(4) Capacity Building
Pollution control and ecosystem conservation rely heavily on scientific advance. Environmental scientific research focused on air pollution control will continue to carried out and multi-discipline studies in economy, system, law, culture, education, auditing and the consumption habit will be promoted. Computerized environmental information management would be provided. An environmental monitoring and control center will be set up to provide sophisticated environmental monitoring and control, which will be expanded to cover regional ecosystem. A modern emergency response and aid team will be set up. Attention would be paid on the application of advanced technology and the technological service for environmental protection.
(5) Economic Instruments
Based on the requirements of market economy, attention would be paid on study of cost-effectiveness of environmental measures and other economic instruments and policies. It would be needed to raise the levies on the discharge of pollutants and the centralized treatment of solid waste and sewage to the level a little higher than the treatment costs. Heating tariff will be reasonably adjusted and efforts will be made to shift heating tariff collection mode to be based on the actual energy consumption. Provision of preferential price (such as different prices at peak hours and valley hours) for heating with electricity will be highlighted and implemented. Policies to encourage for utilization of clean energy and renewable energy, wastes recycle, relocation of factories and comprehensive utilization of wastes will be developed. Pollution permit trade will be piloted in selected sectors and areas. A sound environmental investment and financing mechanism will be developed to encourage participation by enterprises and private sector. International cooperation will be strengthened. Environmental input will be maintained at over 4% of the GDP of the same period.
(6) Green Olympic Environmental Management System
An environmental management system will be established to strengthen management and supervision on implementation of Green Olympics. In line with the guideline of this sub-plan, requirements to implement Green Olympics’ and relevant national and local regulations and standards, specific technical standards and guidelines will be developed for Olympic facilities. They will include indoor and outdoor air quality, hygienic monitoring at public places, environmental safety assessment, the qualification of the sponsors, the evaluation of the building materials and the environmental requirements in architectural designs, etc. An advisory network participated by the experts both at home and abroad, non-government organizations, enterprises, sponsors and citizens will be set up. A professional audit and assessment system will be organized to ensure continuous improvement in the implementation of Green Olympics principle. An environmental emergence response mechanism during the Olympic period will be developed. Environmental impact assessment will be required for all Olympic projects and facilities. Whole process monitoring and assessment will be launched in the preparation and staging of the Olympic Games.