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5. Specific Environmental and Ecological Protection Measures for Olympic Games

      (1) Site Selection

      Land using plan of the city should be observed in selection of sites for venues and routes for the competitions. All venues shall be constructed in planned sports and cultural areas, and shall be away from the water source protection area, natural reserves, wildlife conservation area and other environmentally sensitive areas. The cultural relics in the planned Olympic Green shall be preserved and protected during the construction period of the venues. By completion of the Olympic Green, the surrounding environment of these relics will be substantially improved and the local landscape should be fully integrated into the Olympic facilities. Environmental impact assessment shall be prepared for the preparation and staging of the Games.

      (2) Clean Energy

      In the design of the venues, full consideration will be given to make use of natural light and ventilation. Photovoltaic technology will be applied to utilize solar energy in supporting facilities, including the road lamp of the venue, the lawn lighting facilities, lamp for public lavatory and irrigation. The hot water for the shower in the Olympic Village will be heated with solar cells. Geothermal and other types of renewable energy sources will be exploited in the surrounding areas, to supply heating and cooling service to the Olympic Green with application of water heat pump technology and other new technologies. Part of power supply for the Olympic Green will come from wind mill out of Beijing, the potential of building local wind mill will be studied.

      (3) Clean Transportation

      The city’s existing public transportation system will be expanded to provide transportation service for the Games. Rail will be built to link the urban metro and the venues. Preferential policies will be formulated to encourage taking public transportation, for example, spectators can enjoy free services on specific bus lines to the competition venues. In the Olympic Green, no emission or ultra-low emission vehicles will be used. To encourage the use of bicycles, specific bicycle lanes and bicycles will be provided in the Village.

      (4) Resources Conservation

      To be water and energy efficient constitutes the main guideline in the Olympic venue construction and activities. Water and energy efficient building materials and equipment will be selected for the venues. To protect the drinking water sources, water pollution prevention and control technologies will be applied in building of venues located close to the water source conversation area. In the Olympic Green, treated sewage and wastewater will be used for irrigating the green land, cleaning the automobiles and site cleaning and the lake or waterways shall be maintained at high quality. Measures will be taken to protect tourism resources and other cultural and geological heritage.

      (5) Wastes Management

      Use of one-shot things will be restricted. Waste from the shops and other service facilities will be separately collected for centralized treatment. Medical wastes will be sent to off-site centralized facility for safe treatment.

      (6) Forestation

      A seven square kilometers’ Olympic forest park will be developed. Large scale water-efficient green land with specific characteristics will be built around the different venues. The green area shall accounts for 40-50% of the total of all Olympics projects. Plants will be carefully selected, giving preference to local ones, try to plant bush, perennial root flowers and cover plant so as to reach a harmonious effect among these plants and realize integration into the natural landscape.

      (7) Green Product

      Part of the supporting facilities, materials and appliances will use recyclable or recycled materials; BOCOG’s main publications will use recycled paper. Life-cycle assessment will be adopted in selection of building materials.

      (8) Clean Technology

      Clean energy technology, fuel cell technology, advanced transportation management technology, new building material technology and so on will be widely adopted in Olympic projects. Ozone depleting substance control program will be implemented six years ahead of the original schedule.

      (9) Clean Construction

      All the construction activities must conform to the above-mentioned principles, measures shall be taken to control noise, dust and arrange transportation so as to minimize impact on the environment and people’s daily life.

      (10) Environmental Education and Public Participation

      Green Olympic Action Plan published in August 2000 will be fully implemented. An education center for sustainable development will be built in the Olympic Green. Environmental education on Green Olympics will be launched among the middle and primary schools.

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