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2. Guideline and Objectives

      (1) Guideline

      The special effect of preparing and holding a Green Olympics in Beijing lies in: (a)to create a clean and beautiful environment for the 2008 Olympic Games and enhance the sustainability of the city; (b) to avoid any possible negative impact on the environment by the Olympic activities, and make the Games play an exemplary role in environmental protection in Beijing and the whole country; (c) to highlighting the principle of achieving harmony between man and the nature so as to improve the environmental and ecological awareness of the public.

      Achieving Green Olympics have been taken as guiding principle of this sub-plan, which is targeted at building a sound ecosystem for the city while fulfilling environmental commitments made in the bid. The sub-plan gives full consideration to present status with first priority given to meeting the demands of the people. Phased measures are planned to realize an all-round improvement in Beijing’s environmental quality and the sustainable development. In generally, the sub-plan aims to create a clean and beautiful environment for 2008 Olympic Games.

      (2) Objectives

      Overall objectives:

      By 2008, based on the remarkable improvement in the regional ecosystem around Beijing-Tianjin, the environmental quality of different districts or waters in the city with specific functions should comply with their respective national standards, and the citywide ecosystem should be substantially improved. The environmental commitments made in the bid in connection with the preparation and staging of Olympic Games will be fully performed. In addition, guided by the principle of sustainable development, 2008 Olympic Games should show the world a great green event with outstanding contribution to environmental protection.

      Major Indicators:

      Ambient air quality: By 2008, the main air pollutants should meet the national standards based on the remarkable regional ecosystem improvement. During the Olympic period in 2008, concentration of SO2, NO2 and O3 in urban area should reach the WHO guidelines and the particles should be comparable to that in the major cities in the developed countries.

      Water environment: By 2008, the water quality of Miyun and Huairou reservoir should keep meeting national standards, Guanting reservoir should basiclly resume the function of drinking water source; tap water quality should continue to meet WHO guidelines. The sewerage treatment rate (secondary treatment) in the urban area and the satellite towns should be increased to 90%, and the reclamation rate should come close to 50%.

      Ecological conversation and construction: The structure of water consumption should be rationalized with more water available for ecological purpose. Moreover, over 70% of the soil erosion in the mountainous area and 100% of sandy bare land should be controlled. By 2007, urban and main towns’ green coverage rate and city-wide green coverage rate should be raised to 45% and 50% respectively, thus forming three green shelters in the mountainous, plain and urban areas for the city. The agricultural area pollution and the wind-borne dust in the bare farmland should be harnessed. The natural reserves should cover around 10% of the territory of the city.

      Industrial pollution: With the industrial pollution sources meeting the discharge limits steadily, the total discharge quantity of the pollutants should be further reduced and more efforts will be made to readjust the industrial structure and layout. Comprehensive renovation in heavily polluting industries located in the southeastern suburban and Shijingshan should be fasten. Especially, the production of iron and steel and cement should be reduced. Moreover, about 200 enterprises in the urban area should be relocated and efficient measures should be taken to prevent and control pollution in the key industries and the industrial pollution sources in suburban areas.

      Solid wastes, noise, electric-magnetic radiation and radioactivity: By 2005, all the domestic refuse generated in the urban and the satellite towns should receive proper treatment and disposal with 50% being separately collected and 30% recycled. 80% of the industrial solid wastes should be reused or recycling and all the hazardous wastes should be safely treated and disposed. By 2008, the noise in the constructed urban areas should basically reach the national standard, the electric-magnetic radiation and radioactivity should be maintained complying with national standards.

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