3.1 Highway Construction, Passenger and Freight Transport Development
3.1.1 Construction of Highway Network
The construction of national highway, city highway and rural highway network will be accelerated in order to form main radiate routes consisting of 12 national highways and national arterial highway, subordinate radiate routes consisting of 11 city highways, 9 connection highways and 2 ring roads. By the year of 2008, 10 suburban counties/districts in Beijing will be connected to the downtown area by either expressway or first-grade highway; the centers of neighboring counties/districts will be connected by expressways, first-grade or second-grade highways; the towns and the centers of their counties/districts will be connected by highways of third-grade and above.
By the year of 2008, it will take approximate one hour’s drive to travel from the centers of suburban counties/districts to the downtown area. It will take less than one hour’s drive to travel between the centers of neighboring counties. It will take less than one hour’s drive to travel from the centers of towns to the center of their county. In addition, it will take less than 2 hours to reach the downtown area from the border of Beijing, and less than 3 hours to pass through.
In order to realize the above objectives, 1509km highway will be constructed and 2530km highways will be renovated, including 5 national highways of 132km in length, 33 city highways of 751km in length and many county highways totaling 751km in length to be constructed or renovated.
By the year of 2008, 15400km highways in the suburbs of Beijing will be built, including 718km expressways, 713km first-grade highways and 2882km second-grade highways. The density of highway network will reach 91.6km/100km2.
3.1.2 Interurban Highway Passenger Transport
In the coming 7 years, the interurban passenger transport of Beijing will be developed under the principle of overall planning, structural readjustment, focus orientation, intensified operation, standardized administration and technology renovation, so as to improve the interchange between interurban passenger transport and urban public transportation, and to establish an interurban highway passenger network with Beijing as the center based on the expressways and high grade highways connecting with the whole country. During this period, inter provincial passenger transport routes will be increased by 15% while expressway routes account for up to 10%, reaching 24 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions and satisfying the demand for long distance highway passenger transport.
3.1.3 Highway Freight and Urban Logistics Transport System
By the end of 2007, five important freight terminals will be constructed, including Majuqiao first-grade freight terminal, Yancun first-grade freight terminal, Tianzhu first-grade freight terminal, Shibali Dian second-grade freight terminal and Laiguangying second-grade freight terminal.
The restructuring of highway freight industry will be accelerated to optimize the vehicle composition and payload structure, and improve freight yards and logistics infrastructure. Priority will be given to the development of urban logistics distribution, container transportation and multi-mode combined transportation, upgrading Beijing’s freight transport industry to the standards of a modern international metropolis with advanced facilities, professional management, well regulated markets and smooth flow of freight. The highway transport information platform will take shape for the intelligent and IT application in the dispatch of passenger and freight transport. The highway freight industry will realize its modernization in vehicle equipment, transport organization, yard facilities, information exchange and social service, and meet the freight transport and logistics service demands during the Olympic Games.
The construction of railway network and technical renovation will be accelerated to upgrade the transport capacity and quality, adjust the transport structure and sufficiently utilize advantages of railway to join in urban railway transport. In the coming 7 years, the focus of railway construction in Beijing are as follows: To connect Beijing—Shanghai High Speed Rail to Beijing railway network, to construct the special route for railway passenger transport from Beijing to Tianjin, to construct the straight underground route from Beijing Railway Station to Beijing West Railway Station, to expand and renovate Beijing Railway Station, Beijing North Railway Station and Beijing South Railway Station, to reconstruct the Beijing–Qinghuangdao route for high running speed, to reconstruct the Beijing—Shanghai route for electricity powered automotives, to expand and reconstruct the carriage organization place of Beijing West Railway Station, to reconstruct the railway freight logistics center and yards.
It is also an important task for the coming few years to renovate the present railways and operate more suburban railway routes.
The passenger and freight transport capability by railway will be adapt to the requirement of Beijing’s economic and social development, with a reasonable layout of railway facilities，advanced equipment，smooth routes, and coordinated functions. The major equipment and technology will be of the international standards of 1990s. During the Olympic Games, the railway authorities will reorganize running schedules and provide high quality services according to the demand of passenger transport.
3.3 Civil Aviation
With the goal to become a multi-functional large pivotal airport in Northeast Asia, Beijing Capital International Airport will be expanded and reconstructed to meet the need of the Olympic Games and the social economy development.
Under the precondition of ensuring that Beijing Capital International Airport can function as a complicated pivot, the middle-long term development objectives are illustrated as an airport with a passenger volume of 60-65 million per year, a freight and postal volume of 1.8-2 million tons per year, a taking-off and landing volumes of 0.5-0.6 million sorties per year.
In the coming 7 years, Beijing Capital International Airport will carry on many construction projects as follows: new airstrip construction projects, flight control and weather communications projects, special plane and administration building projects, aviation station area projects, freight projects, integrated supporting facility projects of the airport, urban waiting hall projects and so on. By the year of 2008, Beijing Capital International Airport will achieve a passenger volume of 48 million per year, a freight and postal volume of 1.3 million tons per year, a taking-off and landing-on volume of 0.4 million planes per year.