This plan is formulated in accordance with tasks and targets set forth in the Action Plan for Beijing Olympic Games 2008, to honor the commitments to the energy and environmental protection made in the bidding report to the IOC.
1 Guidelines and primary objectives
Beijing, capital of P. R. China, is the political and cultural center of the nation. In order to improve the urban air quality, highlight the urban modern civilization, rebuild impressive images and boost the city's competitiveness and strength, the coal-dominated energy mix must be overhauled to establish a market-based quality energy supply system, so as to ensure the sustainable development of Beijing's social economy.
·Adherence to the sustainable development strategies, with the central objectives of improving the urban air quality to meet the environmental requirements in the run-up to the Olympic Games.
·Development and deployment of clean energies in a more cost-effective manner to phase in the fuel switch from coal-dominance to more shares of clean energy types such as natural gas and electricity.
·Acceleration of the industrial and product restructuring so as to mitigate the growth rate of energy consumption.
·Promoting the application of new and high technologies for energy supply consumption, so as to increase the energy efficiency and help build Beijing into an energy-efficient, clean and beautiful international metropolis.
1.2 Primary Objectives
Air environmental Quality: In line with the environmental quality requirements established by the central authorities and municipal government, as well as the environmental commitments made in the bidding report for the Olympic Games 2008, the urban atmospheric quality should be improved to reach the national grade-2 standard in 2005 with ever declining pollutant discharges from now, and approaches the WHO-issued standard or the average level of big cities in developed countries by the year 2008.
Limited growth rate of final energy consumption and energy conservation: During 2001 and 2008, annual growth rate of the total final energy consumption will be limited under 1.4%, and the annual growth rate of industrial energy use will be kept within 1.0%. By the year 2008, the energy saving rate per unit GDP will reach 6% over, while the energy intensity per unit GDP and per capita will meet 0.865 tce per 104 Yuan and 3.318 tce per person, the advanced domestic levels over the same period.
Energy mix readjustment: The share of clean and efficient energy in the final energy consumption mix in 2008 will account for 80% over, while the share of coal and coke in the final energy consumption mix and fuel consumption mix would be kept below 20% and approximately within 48% respectively. The total amount of coal consumption should be controlled within 15 million tons in the whole Beijing and 8.5 million tons in the planned urban area by 2008, where coal will no longer be burnt as fuel in final use sectors. By the then, the clean and efficient energy types should play a prominent role in energy mix, to help achieve the goal of a world-level top urban air quality.
Energy supply security: By using all possible sources of clean energy supply through market mechanism, the diversification of energy supply will be promoted, and adequate and stable energy supply security system will be ensured.