2.1 Road System
By the year of 2008, a modern urban road network will be completed, which will be rationally structured both in function and structure, and backboned by the urban expressways and main roads. The density of road network within the 5th ring road will reach about 2.62km/km2.
Priority will be given to the construction of some key urban expressways, main roads, minor roads and branch roads, the re-construction of some key intersections and the elimination of the bottle necks in the road network. Special attention will be directed to the construction of collecting networks between the 2nd and 4th ring roads, and the construction of corridors connecting downtown areas and the 10 scattered groups. Both the road network layout and the functional structures will be improved. Newly built and rebuilt urban roads will reach 318km, including 54.1km urban expressways, 86.7km main roads and 96km roads in central area.
Bicycle lane network and pedestrian areas (streets) will be planned and constructed. This will be started in the old town areas and newly built communities.
2.2 Public Transportation System
2.2.1 Urban Railway Transport
Using the guiding policy of public transport priority, the urban railway transport will be fully employed to support the execution of “two strategic transitions” in the city master plan and the realization of strategic objectives for urban transport development. The operation strategy is to speed up the construction of new lines and the rebuilding of old lines, to improve the service facilities and upgrade the services, which will substantially increase the urban railway transport’s share in the total passenger transport, and relieve the city’s traffic congestions. By the year of 2008, 154.5km urban railway will be newly built, expanding the total length of urban railway lines to 249.5km in the downtown areas. Some suburb railway lines will also be constructed, increasing Beijing’s urban railway operation lines to over 300km in total. The urban railway system is expected to carry 1.8~2.2 billion passengers per year.
Eight new subway lines will be built in the urban area, including Subway 5th Line (from Songjiazhuang to North Taipingzhuang, 27.6 km), Subway Batong Line (from Sihui East Station to Tongzhou Tuqiao, 19 km), Subway 4th Line (from Beigongmen to Majiabao, 23.9 km), the north section of Subway 10th Line (from Huoqiying to Dabeiyao, 23.9 km), Olympic Line (from Olympic Park to Panda Roundabout, 4 km), Yizhuang Line (from Songjiazhuang to Yizhuang, 26 km), Airport Special Railway Line (from Dongzhimen to Capital International Airport, 22 km), the middle section of Subway 9th Line (from Baishiqiao to Beijing West Railway Station, 5.8 km). Subway 1st Line and 2nd Line will also be renovated by upgrading their signs and signal systems, installing the automatic ticketing systems and introducing new carriages.
2.2.2 Buses and Trolley Buses
In the coming 7 years, priority will be given to the optimization of bus line network, the construction of transit terminals and the rapid development of high capacity public passenger transportation. The terminals at Dongzhimen, Xizhimen, Beijing Zoo, Wangjing, Sihuiqiao and some other places will be constructed or renovated so as to form a rationally located, easily accessible and efficient public passenger service network, centering in the downtown area and radiating to the scattered groups and residential zones.
By the year of 2008, the capacity of Beijing’s buses and trolley buses transport will reach 4.5 billion passengers per year, and the number of operation vehicles will reach 18000. There will be more than 650 public transit lines with a network density of 2.16km/km2.
In the coming few years, the key tasks will be as follows:
1. Optimize the bus and trolley bus service network, expand the service areas, and form an efficient passenger transport network by rationally grading and structuring the expressway network, the trunk line network and the branch line network with the support of urban expressways, main roads, minor roads, branch streets (including roads in residential area), and highways.
2. Accelerate the construction of bus interchange terminals and improve the service facilities. The fleet of buses and trolley buses will be expanded or renovated to upgrade the service and operation.
3. Accelerate the research and development of bus dispatch centers, GPS, wireless communication systems and lower chassis vehicles to upgrade the operation level and the application of science and technology.
4. Promote the application of clean energy in public transit vehicles, aiming at over 80% of the buses using clean energy and all the buses operating in the Olympic Pack and major venues using clean energy by the year of 2008.
5. Improve the public transport information service system to meet the demand of high quality communications and information search during the Olympic Games and ordinary daily passenger transport.
Taxi, as an auxiliary and assistant part of the public passenger transport system, will be governed by Beijing’s passenger transport plan and brought to full function. In the coming 7 years, taxi services in Beijing will be developed into an efficient, energy saving, safe, environmental friendly urban transport tools and offer good services of international standards.
The vehicles used as taxies will be upgraded and conform to the Technical Standards for Special Vehicles Used as Taxies. By the year of 2008, middle and high class vehicles will be over 70% of the total operating taxies, clean energy vehicles will be over 70%, and all of the operating taxies will meet the environmental standards. At the same time, taxi service dispatching system will be established with integrated service modes of phone call service, station call service and roadside call service. The enterprise computer management system and Beijing taxi industry service standards system will be formed and all the taxi drivers are expected to be able to speak most frequently used 100 English sentences for taxi services.
2.2.4 Automobile Rental
The automobile rentals in Beijing will be developed with unified planning and size control. The development plan of automobile rental will be established to promote the automobile rental in Beijing.
2.3 Parking Construction
In view of the possible increase of civilian motor vehicles, the civilian parking lots (primarily those for night parking) in urban area will reach 1.5 million, upgrading the ownership of fixed parking lots for motor vehicles from 66% to 100%. The number of public parking lots will be increased to 225,000, raising the rate between public parking sets and motor vehicle ownership from 12% to 15%.
The public parking facilities will be constructed in conformity with the capability of road network according to the city plan and downtown area traffic demand management plan. The supply of public parking space will be measurably controlled in the downtown areas. At present time, the night parking certificate system is being enforced while flexible charging will be introduced in order to regulate the in-come flow of cars in the downtown areas for a better balance of dynamic and static traffic.
The construction of public parking facilities outside the downtown areas will be encouraged. Car parking and bicycle park will be constructed as auxiliary facilities at railway terminals and bus centers. Park-and-ride will be encouraged. In the peripheral areas, parking facilities will be constructed along main radial highways for the temporary parking and cleaning of freight trucks from other provinces and cities.